A cyst is an abnormal pocket of fluid, like a blister. Cysts can be formed in many different areas of the body including the skin, genitals and internal organs. A cyst can vary in size from a tiny sac right up to a heavy bag containing litres of fluid. Cysts are harmless in most cases but some cysts can cause discomfort or complications.
Cysts are common fluid-filled sacs that can form within various parts of the body. Cysts can develop for a variety of reasons, depending on their type and location. Some common causes are as follows:
Blockage of Glands
Cysts can form when the ducts or glands that release fluids get blocked. Sebaceous cysts develop when hair follicles become blocked, trapping oil beneath the skin.
Infections can lead to the formation of cysts as the body’s immune response walls off the infected area with fluid.
Some individuals may be genetically at risk of developing certain types of cysts.
Chronic Inflammatory Conditions
Conditions like acne and certain inflammatory skin disorders can increase the likelihood of cyst formation.
Cysts can be broadly classified into five major categories depending upon the place they popped up.
These hang out under the skin and are often harmless bumps caused by trapped oil or hair.
These happen inside a woman’s ovaries and can sometimes be linked to periods. Some can cause pain or other issues.
These are in the breast and can make the area feel tender or sore.
Joints and Tendon Cysts
These form near joints or tendons and can look like a lump filled with jelly. They can sometimes change size.
Found in the mouth or lips, these are because of blocked salivary glands and can lead to swelling.
There are several different types of cysts that can develop in various parts of the body. Each type of cyst has its own distinct characteristics, causes and potential treatments.
These are often found on the skin and are formed when a hair follicle becomes blocked and the sebaceous gland produces excess oil. They usually appear as small, non-painful lumps beneath the skin.
Ganglion cysts typically form near joints or tendons, such as the wrists or ankles. They contain a jelly-like fluid and can vary in size. Pressure or movement may cause them to change in size.
These form in the ovaries as fluid-filled sacs. Most ovarian cysts are functional and develop as part of the menstrual cycle. However, some can grow larger and cause pain or complications.
These fluid-filled sacs can form in breast tissue and are more common in women approaching menopause. They can cause breast tenderness and pain.
Also known as trichilemmal cysts, these typically occur on the scalp and are derived from hair follicles. They are usually firm and round, and they can be easily moved beneath the skin.
These cysts develop from cells on the outer layer of the skin and are usually filled with a cheese-like substance. They can form anywhere on the body.
Dermoid cysts are congenital cysts that can contain a variety of tissues, such as hair, skin, and even teeth. They are typically found in the ovaries, but can also occur in other areas.
These cysts form near the tailbone and are often the result of ingrown hairs or debris becoming trapped in the skin. They can become infected and cause pain.
Also known as mucoceles, these cysts develop in the mouth or lips when a salivary gland duct is blocked. They can cause swelling and discomfort.
These cysts form on the Bartholin’s glands, located near the vaginal opening. They can cause pain and discomfort, especially if they become infected.
These cysts form in the spinal canal and are filled with cerebrospinal fluid. They can cause pain and other neurological symptoms if they press on nerves.
Most of the time, cysts don’t need treatment. If they don’t bother us, doctors might say we can leave them alone. The treatment of cysts depends on the type, size, and location of the cyst, as well as the symptoms it may be causing. Some common treatment options include:
Small, painless cysts that aren’t causing any issues may not require treatment. They can be monitored over time to ensure they don’t grow or become problematic.
If a cyst is causing discomfort or becomes infected, a healthcare professional may drain the fluid using a sterile needle or make a small incision to remove the contents. This can provide relief and prevent complications.
In cases of infected cysts, antibiotics may be prescribed to treat the underlying infection.
If a cyst is large, growing, or causing discomfort, surgical removal may be recommended. This procedure involves excising the cyst along with its surrounding tissue to reduce the likelihood of recurrence.
Certain types of cysts, such as epidermoid or pilar cysts, can be treated with laser therapy to remove the cyst’s contents and minimize scarring.
Inflamed cysts can be treated with cortisone injections to reduce swelling and discomfort.
While many cysts are benign and don’t require treatment, some may cause discomfort, complications or health concerns. It is important to note that attempting to pop or drain a cyst at home can lead to infection, scarring and complications. If you suspect you have a cyst or are experiencing symptoms related to a cyst it is advisable to consult a medical professional for proper evaluation and guidance on appropriate treatment options. Treatment options range from watchful waiting to surgical removal depending upon the type and severity of the cyst. Engrace Clinics Jaipur offers the best treatment for cysts in Jaipur. Consult us and book an appointment.